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© 2006-2013 Andrew Cooke (site) / post authors (content).

40-fold Speedup in LEPL Parsing

From: "andrew cooke" <andrew@...>

Date: Fri, 6 Mar 2009 19:51:54 -0300 (CLST)

OK, so this was a somewhat extreme test case, but by rearranging the
grammar I can make it more likely to terminate and so avoid lots of
pointless recursion.  Here's the code that does the rewriting - I'm
pleased at how simple it is, after all the work making matchers graphs,
etc:

def optimize_or(graph):
  '''
  When a left-recursive rule is used, it is much more efficient
  if it appears last in an `Or` statement, since that forces the
  alternates (which correspond to the terminating case in a
  recursive function) to be tested before the LMemo limit is
  reached.

  This rewriting may change the order in which different results
  for an ambiguous grammar are returned.
  '''
  for delayed in [x for x in preorder(graph)
                  if type(x) is Delayed]:
    for loop in loops(delayed):
      for i in range(len(loop)):
        if isinstance(loop[i], Or):
          # we cannot be at the end of the list here,
          # since that is a Delayed instance
          matchers = loop[i].matchers
          target = loop[i+1]
          # move target to end of list
          index = matchers.index(target)
          del matchers[index]
          matchers.append(target)
  return graph

Even on a more reasonable case (the LMemo example in the docs), the
speedup is about a factor of 2 (that includes some additional tweaks
elsewhere).

It's surprising how uniform the profiles are (the flip side of that is
that there's little to optimise from a code-tweaking pov).  The only other
improvement I can think of at the moment is adding a tokenizer (which will
allow LMemo lookahead to use larger "chunks", advancing by words rather
than letters).

Andrew

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